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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

There are many steps involved in in vitro fertilisation, which is the most complex and effective form of assisted reproductive technology. It is prescribed for fertility, preventing genetic disorders, and helping to conceive a baby.

Ovarian eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilised with sperm in a laboratory during IVF. An egg or eggs are transferred to the uterus once they have been fertilised. IVF can take up to three weeks to complete a full cycle; in other cases, it can take longer.

Make an appointment to learn more about how IVF works, as well as its possible side effects.

What Is the Purpose of In Vitro Fertilization?

Infertility can be treated via IVF. There are many reasons why IVF may be necessary for infertility, including endometriosis and fibroids, uterine fibroids, blocked fallopian tubes, uterine fibroids, and male infertility concerns like low sperm counts.

What Is the Process of In Vitro Fertilization?

IVF has five steps:


Each menstrual cycle produces one egg, but IVF requires many eggs because it increases the likelihood of producing a healthy embryo. Increased egg production requires the use of fertility medications. During this stage, women have blood tests and ultrasounds done to monitor their egg production.

Egg Retrieval

Anesthesia is required for egg retrieval or follicular aspiration, which is a surgical procedure. When a needle is inserted through the vagina into the ovary and an egg-containing follicle, the ultrasonography wand is used in the procedure. Eggs and fluid will be extracted from the follicle with the help of the hand.


A sample of the male partner’s semen is given. After that, sperm and eggs are combined in a petri dish. The doctor may use ICSI if they are unable to produce embryos.

Embryo Culture

The surgeon will keep tabs on the fertilised eggs to see how they’re growing and multiplying in the womb.


Embryos can be transplanted into the uterus after three to five days of growth after fertilisation when a catheter is inserted into the vagina and into the uterus. In the end, the doctor places an embryo in the uterus.


To find out if you’re expecting a child, a blood test is conducted. For pregnant women, the doctor recommends special prenatal care.

Doctors recommend that you discontinue taking progesterone if you are not pregnant and have your period within a week. Consult with your doctor right away if you aren’t getting your period or are experiencing unusual bleeding. Another IVF cycle may be recommended by the doctor.

A woman’s age, embryo status, reproductive history, reason of infertility, and lifestyle factors such as smoking, usage of alcohol, excessive coffee, etc. all play a role in her odds of conceiving a healthy baby with IVF.

For Consultation

Book an exclusive Consultation with Dr. Saadia Virk and her associate