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Ovarian Cysts Removal
Cysts are sacs filled with fluid that can be found inside or on the surface of the ovary. There are two ovaries on each side of the uterus in every woman. During the reproductive years, the ova grow into ovaries and are discharged in monthly cycles.
Ovarian cysts can form for a variety of reasons. The majority of cysts are painless or even harmless. However, when cysts rupture, they induce symptoms.
In the majority of cases, cysts are painless and may disappear on their own without any treatment. However, the symptoms of a large ovarian cyst include pelvic pain, fullness in the belly, and bloating.
If a woman is pregnant, has endometriosis, has a pelvic infection, or has an ovarian cyst, her risk of having an ovarian cyst increases.
Consult Karachi’s best gynaecologist to preserve your health and address abnormal symptoms.
Types of ovarian cysts
Functional cysts: These cysts are by far the most prevalent of the cyst types. Other types include dermoid cysts and endometrial cysts. Cryo Cysts that are both functional and occur in either the folliculum or the corpus luteum are known as functional cysts.
Functional cysts: During a woman’s menstrual cycle, eggs develop in a follicular cyst that resembles a sac. Follicles that split open and release eggs are the usual. In other cases, the follicle may not break free, resulting in the formation of a cyst on the ovary.
Corpus luteum cyst: A corpus luteum cyst develops when the ovarian sac does not dissolve and the open follicles are not sealed, resulting in an accumulation of fluids inside the sac.
Dermoid cysts: The sac-like growths on the ovaries have hair, fat, and other tissues.
Cyst adenomas: Hair, fat, and other tissues can be found in the sac-like growths on the ovaries known as dermoid cysts.
Endometriomas: These are benign tumours that develop inside the uterus and then spread to the ovaries.
Cyst adenomas: noncancerous growths in the ovaries’ periphery.
PCOS: There are certain women who develop polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), which is caused by an overgrowth of the reproductive system, which can lead to fertility issues in women who are not treated.
Ovarian cyst Treatment
Surgeons may recommend treatment to reduce or remove a cyst if it doesn’t go away on its own.
Birth control pills
It is common practise to use oral contraceptives to prevent new cysts and minimise the risk of cancer in postmenopausal women with recurrent ovarian cysts.
Laparoscopy is used if the cyst is tiny and results from an imaging test indicate that the cyst is cancerous. Surgeons make a small cut just above the navel, and then insert the cyst-removal tool through that incision.
The cyst can be surgically removed by a major abdominal incision and a tissue sample can be taken for biopsy if it is large enough. Surgery to remove the ovaries and uterus could be an option if they find the cyst is malignant and need to be removed.
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