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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
The hormonal level of women is affected by polycystic ovary syndrome. Women with PCOS produce a lot of androgen, which is a male hormone, which is unusual. It is frequent among women of childbearing or reproductive age. PCOS is caused by a progesterone and insulin imbalance. PCOS is a prevalent cause of infertility that can be successfully treated.
PCOS is characterised by the development of tiny cysts in the ovary, which are fluid-filled sacs. Cysts may not always form, and their appearance can indicate a variety of other problems.
Cysts are 8 mm in diameter sacs that prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg.
A formal diagnosis of PCOS was reported by roughly 28.5 percent of female respondents.
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The following are the most common signs and symptoms:
Periods are irregular or for long periods e. In some PCOS women, even their menstrual period may come to an end.
Hirsutism, a condition in which an excess of androgen causes hair to develop in places such as the chin, face, back, belly, and chest may also be one of the symptoms.
Acne: androgen causes the skin to become oily, causing acne to form on the chest, face, and upper back.
Obesity: either obesity develops or weight loss becomes difficult.
Irregular ovary function occurs when cysts form around the egg, impairing the ovary’s activity.
Male pattern baldness or thinning hair is also a sign of PCOS. Dark patches form on the neck, groyne, under the breast, and various body creases. Skin tags can also be found in the armpits or on the neck. Hormonal imbalance can cause a headache, which is an uncommon symptom of PCOS.
THE IMPACT OF PCOS ON YOUR BODY
PCOS can also lead to metabolic disorders, such as an increased risk of excessive blood sugar. Blood pressure rises, HDL drops, and LDL rises as a result. Obese women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from sleep apnea.
Ovulation does not occur as a result of irregular periods, and the uterine lining does not shed and begins to accumulate, increasing the risk of endometrial cancer.
When a woman notices excessive hair growth in a new part of her body, she becomes depressed; PCOS also causes anxiety and melancholy.
HOW CAN PCOS BE DIAGNOSED?
Your doctor will keep an eye on your symptoms and perform certain physical tests, such as taking your blood pressure and calculating your BMI.
The doctor will thoroughly inspect the pelvic area to determine whether or not the ovary is swollen or enlarged. Ultrasound of the pelvis would be used in this case.
A blood test to determine the level of male androgen will also be recommended by the doctor. It’s also possible to examine your cholesterol level.
PCOS AND PREGNANCY
PCOS affects 6-15 percent of women of reproductive age. PCOS makes it harder to conceive because an excess of male hormones hinders the release of an egg.
Fortunately, if you become pregnant, you will have to deal with pregnancy and childbirth issues. They have a higher chance of having a caesarian section.
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